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[[Файл:SiegeofAntioch.jpeg|thumb|The [[Crusades]] were a series of a military campaigns fought mainly between [[Christian]] [[Europe]] and [[Muslim]]s. Shown here is a battle scene from the [[First Crusade]]. They were inspired at the ''jihad'' of the Islam civilization. ]]
Charles Selengut characterizes the phrase "religion and violence" as "jarring", asserting that "religion is thought to be opposed to violence and a force for peace and reconciliation. He acknowledges, however, that "the history and scriptures of the world's religions tell stories of violence and war as they speak of peace and love."<ref name=Selengut>{{cite book |title=Sacred fury: understanding religious violence |first=Charles |last=Selengut|page=1|url=http://books.google.com/?id=mOqtEkGlq0cC&pg=PR7&dq=%22sectarian+violence%22+%22religious+violence%22#v=onepage&q=%22sectarian%20violence%22%20%22religious%20violence%22&f=false |isbn=978-0-7425-6084-0 |date=2008-04-28}}
[[Hector Avalos]] argues that, because religions claim divine favor for themselves, over and against other groups, this sense of righteousness leads to violence because conflicting claims to superiority, based on unverifiable appeals to God, cannot be adjudicated objectively.<ref>{{cite book|title=Fighting Words: The Origins of Religious Violence |first=Hector |last=Avalos|publisher=Prometheus Books |location=Amherst, New York|year=2005}}</ref>
Critics of religion [[Christopher Hitchens]] and [[Richard Dawkins]] go further and argue that religions do tremendous harm to society by using violence to promote their goals, in ways that are endorsed and exploited by their leaders.<ref name="Hitchens 2007">{{Cite book|last=Hitchens|first=Christopher|title=God is not Great|publisher=Twelve|year=2007}}</ref>{{Page needed|date=September 2010}}<ref name="Dawkins 2006">{{Cite book|last=Dawkins|first=Richard|title=The God Delusion|publisher=Bantam Books|year=2006}}</ref>{{Page needed|date=September 2010}}
Regina Schwartz argues that all monotheistic religions are inherently violent because of an exclusivism that inevitably fosters violence against those that are considered outsiders.<ref name=ReginaSchwartz>{{cite book |title=The Curse of Cain: The Violent Legacy of Monotheism By Regina M. Schwartz |publisher=University of Chicago Press |year=1998}}</ref> Lawrence Wechsler asserts that Schwartz isn't just arguing that Abrahamic religions have a violent legacy, but that the legacy is actually genocidal in nature.<ref>{{cite web |last=Wechsler |first=Lawrence |title=Mayhem and Monotheism|url=http://faculty.plts.edu/gpence/2490/PDF/mayhem.pdf}}</ref>
Byron Bland asserts that one of the most prominent reasons for the "rise of the secular in Western thought" was the reaction against the religious violence of the 16th and 17th centuries. He asserts that "(t)he secular was a way of living with the religious differences that had produced so much horror. Under secularity, political entities have a warrant to make decisions independent from the need to enforce particular versions of religious orthodoxy. Indeed, they may run counter to certain strongly held beliefs if made in the interest of common welfare. Thus, one of the important goals of the secular is to limit violence."<ref>{{cite web |first=Byron |last=Bland |title=Evil Enemies: The Convergence of Religion and Politics|url=http://www.law.stanford.edu/program/centers/scicn/papers/religion_and_political_violence.pdf |date = May 2003|page=4}}</ref>
Nonetheless, believers have used similar arguments when responding to atheists in these discussions, pointing to the [[Criticism_of_atheism#Atheism_and_totalitarian_regimes|widespread imprisonment and mass murder]] of individuals under [[state atheism|atheist states]] in the twentieth century:<ref name="John S. Feinberg, Paul D. Feinberg">{{cite book|url = http://books.google.com/books?id=Nl-f5SKq9mgC&pg=PA697&dq=Aleksandr+Solzhenitsyn+But+if+I+were+asked+today+to+formulate+as+concisely+as+possible+the+main+cause+of+the+ruinous+revolution+that+swallowed+up+some+60+million+of+our+people,+I+could+not+put+it+more+accurately+than+to+repeat:+'Men+have+forgotten+God;+that's+why#v=onepage&q&f=false|author=John S. Feinberg, Paul D. Feinberg|title =Ethics for a Brave New World|publisher =[[Crossway Books]]|quote=Over a half century ago, while I was still a child, I recall hearing a number of old people offer the following explanation for the great disasters that had befallen Russia: 'Men have forgotten God; that's why all this has happened.'
Since then I have spend well-nigh 50 years working on the history of our revolution; in the process I have read hundreds of books, collected hundreds of personal testimonies, and have already contributed eight volumes of my own toward the effort of clearing away the rubble left by that upheaval. But if I were asked today to formulate as concisely as possible the main cause of the ruinous revolution that swallowed up some 60 million of our people, I could not put it more accurately than to repeat: 'Men have forgotten God; that's why all this has happened.'|accessdate = 2007–10–18}}</ref><ref name="Genocide">{{cite web|url = http://www.str.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=5527|title =The Real Murderers: Atheism or Christianity?|publisher =[[Stand To Reason]]|author=Gregory Koukl|accessdate = 2007–10–18|authorlink = Greg Koukl}}</ref><ref name="Totalitarianism and Atheism">{{cite web|url = http://catholiceducation.org/articles/apologetics/ap0214.htm|title =Answering Atheist’s Arguments|publisher = Catholic Education Resource Center|author=Dinesh D'Souza|accessdate = 2007–10–18|authorlink = Dinesh D'Souza}}</ref>
{{quote|And who can deny that Stalin and Mao, not to mention Pol Pot and a host of others, all committed atrocities in the name of a Communist ideology that was explicitly atheistic? Who can dispute that they did their bloody deeds by claiming to be establishing a 'new man' and a religion-free utopia? These were mass murders performed with atheism as a central part of their ideological inspiration, they were not mass murders done by people who simply happened to be atheist.|[[Dinesh D'Souza]]<ref name="Totalitarianism and Atheism"/>}}
In response to such a line of argument, however, author Sam Harris writes:
"The problem with fascism and communism, however, is not that they are too critical of religion; the problem is that they are too much like religions. Such regimes are dogmatic to the core and generally give rise to personality cults that are indistinguishable from cults of religious hero worship. Auschwitz, the gulag and the killing fields were not examples of what happens when human beings reject religious dogma; they are examples of political, racial and nationalistic dogma run amok. There is no society in human history that ever suffered because its people became too reasonable."<ref>[http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/harris06/harris06_index.html 10 myths and 10 truths about Atheism] Sam Harris</ref></blockquote>
Richard Dawkins has stated that Stalin's atrocities were influenced not by atheism but by dogmatic [[Marxism]],<ref name='God_Delusion7'>{{Cite book| last = Dawkins | first = Richard | authorlink = Richard Dawkins | coauthors = | title = The God Delusion | publisher = Houghton Mifflin | date = 2006-09-18| location = Ch. 7| url = http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_God_Delusion | doi = | id = | isbn = 978-0-618-68000-9 |ref=harv}}</ref> and concludes that while Stalin and Mao happened to be atheists, they did not do their deeds in the name of atheism.<ref>Interview with Richard Dawkins conducted by Stephen Sackur for BBC News 24’s HardTalk programme, July 24th 2007. [http://richarddawkins.net/article,1454,Richard-Dawkins-on-Hardtalk,BBC-Richard-Dawkins]</ref> On other occasions, Dawkins has replied to the argument that [[Adolf Hitler]] and Josef Stalin were antireligious with the response that Hitler and Stalin also grew moustaches, in an effort to show the argument as fallacious.<ref>[http://richarddawkins.net/articles/915 The Video: Bill O'Reilly Interviews Richard Dawkins]</ref> Instead, Dawkins argues in ''[[The God Delusion]]'' that "What matters is not whether Hitler and Stalin were atheists, but whether atheism systematically influences people to do bad things. There is not the smallest evidence that it does."<ref>{{Harvnb|Dawkins|2006|page=309}}</ref> D'Souza responds that an individual need not explicitly invoke atheism in committing atrocities if it is already implied in his worldview, as is the case in Marxism.<ref name="D'Souza 2">[http://catholiceducation.org/articles/apologetics/ap0214.htm Answering Atheist’s Arguments] Dinesh D'Souza</ref>
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