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The [[Wright brothers]] flights in 1903 are recognized by the ''[[Fédération Aéronautique Internationale]]'' (FAI), the standard setting and record-keeping body for [[aeronautics]], as "the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight".<ref>[http://www.fai.org/news_archives/fai/000295.asp FAI News: 100 Years Ago, the Dream of Icarus Became Reality] posted 17 December 2003. Retrieved 5 January 2007.</ref> By 1905, the [[Wright Flyer III]] was capable of fully controllable, stable flight for substantial periods. The Wright brothers credited Otto Lilienthal as a major inspiration for their decision to pursue manned flight.
 
In 1906, [[Alberto Santos Dumont]] made what has been claimed as the first airplane flight unassisted by [[catapult]]<ref>[http://www.airshowfan.com/first-airplane.htm Who designed and flew the first practical airplane?]. Airshowfan.com (20 August 2003).</ref> and set the first world record recognized by the [[Aéro-Club de France]] by flying {{convert|220|m|ft}} in less than 22 seconds.<ref>Jones, Ernest. [http://earlyaviators.com/edumonb.htm "Santos Dumont in France 1906–1916: The Very Earliest Early Birds."] ''earlyaviators.com'', 25 December 2006. Retrieved 17 August 2009.</ref> This flight was also certified by the FAI.<ref>[http://www.aeroclub.com/santos_dumont_14bis_14bis.htm Les vols du 14bis relatés au fil des éditions du journal l'illustration de 1906.] The wording is: "cette prouesse est le premier vol au monde '''homologué''' par l'Aéro-Club de France et la toute jeune Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI)."</ref><!--Armstrong, during his official tour of South American countries as a NASA ambassador, acknowledged Santos Dumont's role during addresses to Brazilian audiences. Please note - this reference does NOT include any acknowledgment of this role in Europe; any editor adding such a European claim should support it with a separate citation.--><!--<ref>[http://www.aeroclub.com/santos_dumont_14bis_index.htm Santos-Dumont: Pionnier de l'aviation, dandy de la Belle Epoque.]{{dead link|date=May 2012}}</ref>
 
The [[Bleriot VIII]] design of 1908 was an early aircraft design that had the modern [[monoplane]] [[tractor configuration]]. It had movable tail surfaces controlling both yaw and pitch, a form of roll control supplied either by wing warping or by ailerons and controlled by its pilot with a [[joystick]] and rudder bar. It was an important predecessor of his later [[Bleriot XI]] [[English Channel|Channel]]-crossing aircraft of the summer of 1909.<ref>{{cite book |title=Bleriot XI, The Story of a Classic Aircraft |last=Crouch |first=Tom |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1982 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution Press |location= |isbn=0-87474-345-1 |page= |pages=21 and 22 |url= |accessdate=13 April 2011}}</ref>
The first [[jet airliner]], the [[de Havilland Comet]], was introduced in 1952. The [[Boeing 707]], the first widely successful commercial jet, was in commercial service for more than 50 years, from 1958 to 2010. The [[Boeing 747]] was the world's biggest passenger aircraft from 1970 until it was surpassed by the [[Airbus A380]] in 2005.
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==Хәрәкәтсез канатлы очкычлар класслары==
 
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